Policy

This section includes press releases related to climate and energy policy and legislation from Finnish public administration.

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The Finnish Government has adopted the medium-term climate change plan

On 14 September 2017, the Finnish Government adopted the medium-term climate change plan to 2030. The plan ‘Towards Climate-Smart Day-to-Day Living’ sets out the necessary means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 in the non-emissions trading sector, i.e. transport, agriculture, heating and waste management.

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Finnish Arctic expertise will be needed in the future at ever higher latitudes

The chairmanship of the Arctic Council will be transferred to Finland in May. Finland has knowledge and experience of the Arctic region, its special characteristics and the dramatic climate change taking place there. Climate change increases travel, shipping and utilisation of natural resources in that region and thus also demand for observational data and services on the Arctic environment.

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HINKU municipalities reduce climate emissions by nearly a third in eight years

Emissions from municipalities in the Carbon Neutral Municipalities (HINKU) network declined by an average 29 percent in 2007 - 2015. The greatest decreases in emissions were in Ii, Kitee, Lieksa, Lohja and Rauma. The main reason for the reduction of climate emissions was a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy. Currently 36 municipalities are in the HINKU network.

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The report State of Adaptation in Finland 2017 provides guidance for the natural resources sector

A new report by the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) provides a comprehensive range of methods that will enable the natural resources sector to adapt to climate change. It contains an analysis and listing of adaptation measures available for the agriculture, forestry, fisheries, game and reindeer husbandry sectors. The report stresses that some changes are inevitable, and proactive adaptation is the most financially viable way forward. If action is timed correctly, Finland may even benefit from climate change.

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Climate change to be considered in disaster risk reduction policies

Better administrative coordination can improve the effectiveness of weather and climate risk management, shows a study undertaken by the Finnish Meteorological Institute and the University of Helsinki. This was investigated in Zambia, where disaster risk management and climate change adaptation are partly separated from each other at the policy level, leading to inefficient use of administrative resources and overlapping management structures.

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Weather and climate risks should be managed efficiently

Maintaining security and the central functions vital to society requires active preparation for extreme weather conditions. Preparation should take into account that climate change may change extreme weather conditions, their frequency and severity. Thus, preparing for extreme weather conditions is also part of the adaptation to climate change. ELASTINEN research project produced an overall assessment of the management of weather and climate risks and evaluated ways to promote management of these risks in various sectors.

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Finland ratifies the Paris Agreement

Finland is now among the countries which have ratified the Paris climate change agreement. President of Finland Sauli Niinistö ratified the Paris Agreement on 11 November 2016 The ratification document was delivered to the UN Secretary-General in New York on 14 November. So far the agreement has been ratified by 110 parties, representing 77% of the global green house gas emissions.

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EU Ministers agree to fast-track ratification of Paris agreement

EU Ministers for the Environment agreed to speed up the process for the ratification of Paris agreement. The agreement will enter into force 30 days after at least 55 countries, accounting for the minimum of 55 % of global greenhouse gas emissions, have ratified it. Therefore EU’s ratification ensures that the agreement enters into force just in time for the Marrakesh climate change conference in November.

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Joint procurement of solar power plants to cover 34 Finnish municipalities

Currently the joint procurement encompasses 81 solar power plants to be installed on the roofs of properties owned by the municipalities, such as schools, day care centres, service centres and city halls. Joint procurements are an efficient way to create markets for renewable energy and climate-friendly new technologies.

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Policy brief: Increasing sustainable use of forests and the targets of the Paris Agreement can be combined

According to Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) Finland will attain the targets set by the Paris climate conference if the forest-based bioeconomy evolves and attention is paid to the material cycles of wood-based materials. The key is to further develop forest management and utilisation methods.

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Chance for citizens to participate in the preparation of the new Energy and Climate Strategy

The basic scenario for the new Energy and Climate Strategy until 2030 has been completed. The Ministry of Employment and the Economy and the other ministries are preparing the strategy which will be completed towards the end of the year. There is also a chance for the citizens to take part in the preparation of the strategy.

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Energy efficiency agreements for 2017–2025 to be launched

Four new energy efficiency agreements will begin next year in Finland for the period 2017–2025. Agreements are an important part of Finland's energy and climate strategy. Finland is one of the few European countries where these voluntary agreements produce good results and work as a measure to mitigate climate change.

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The climate challenge requires significant new innovations for Finnish wood use

A recent study shows that the emission reductions gained through replacing non-renewable raw materials with wood were not enough to compensate for the lost carbon sequestration capacity and emissions from felling and production processes. In order for wood use to produce significant reductions, new way of thinking and innovations are required.

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Climate Panel appointed for a new term

The Finnish Climate Panel continues its work to support the planning of climate and energy policy and related decision-making with a new composition. The Government has appointed a new panel to be chaired by Markku Ollikainen, Professor of Environmental and Resources Economics at the University of Helsinki.

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Paris Climate Conference: Finland joins the Soils Initiative of France

Finland signed the initiative with the aim to increase the carbon content of agricultural soils by 4‰ a year. This is in line with the annual global carbon dioxide emissions caused by human activity. Higher soil carbon content improves the productivity of soils and their capacity to adapt to changing conditions.

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Towards Paris: What does climate change mean for humanity?

Climate change increases societal risks and makes anticipating them more difficult. Risks can be linked to powerful weather phenomena such as floods or storms, or they can progress slowly like poorer farming conditions as a consequence of increasing drought. Different adaptation measures enable local mitigation and management of risks.

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Towards Paris: Climate scenarios provide information about what is to come

Four different RCP scenarios constructed by the International Climate Panel IPCC are used to estimate possible future development of greenhouse gas concentrations. Scenarios provide studied information about what is to come and are an important tool in decision making.

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Finns want the international community to take rapid climate actions

Finns consider international climate negotiations important for solving the climate challenge. Majority supports a common long-term emission reduction target and ambitious actions to limit the increase in temperature. This is revealed in a survey commissioned by the Ministry of the Environment.

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Study on the importance of public transport, walking and cycling to climate policy is completed

According to a new study the reduction in the greenhouse gas emissions achieved by developing public transport and urban structure is less than the impact achieved by measures involving road transport technology and biofuels. However measures complement each other in achieving the goals of sustainable urban mobility.

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Additional costs for EU climate and energy policy small

According to the VTT report reducing emissions may cost the European Union less than the current climate policy does. In any case the additional costs for the EU climate and energy policy will be small at the EU level. The target is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 40 percent from the 1990 levels.

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