Energy production

Since global warming indirectly increases the availability of forest bioenergy and hydroelectric power, climate change offers a society the possibility to transfer to renewable and low emission sources of energy in the production of energy. If the extreme weather events become more common – as is expected – the production reliability of energy is estimated to weaken somewhat due to climate change.

Climate change must be given consideration in Finnish energy production

Since our society is already moving over to low emission sources of energy and the share of renewable energy from the overall energy consumed by Finland is increasing, changes taking place in the climate conditions should be taken into consideration in investments aimed at energy production[1].

Currently, energy is produced in condensing power stations, joint production of electricity and heat and separate production of heat and electricity. In the joint production of electricity and heat, natural gas and waste liquors are most commonly used, while industry mostly uses wood, oil, natural gas and coal for its energy production. In Finland, separate production of electricity is mainly based on energy produced via hydroelectric and nuclear power. Instead, in separate production of heat, oil and wood are the most common sources of energy [1].  

Climate changes can either increase the possibilities to utilise energy or lead to weaker production reliability. Changes in the energy production of the Nordic electricity market – mainly Sweden and Norway – can also be reflected as alternating electricity prices in Finland. [2]


  1. MMM 2005. Ilmastonmuutoksen kansallinen sopeutumisstrategia.
  2. Kirkinen, J., Martikainen, A., Holttinen, H., Savolainen, I., Auvinen, O. and Syri, S. 2005. Impacts on the energy sector and adaptation of the electricity network business under a changing climate in Finland. FINADAPT Working Paper 10, Finnish Environment Institute Mimeographs 340, Helsinki, 36 pp.